Goal for the month: Read through 1 and 2 Samuel in their entirety.
October 1-7: Read “An Introduction to First Samuel” and 1 Samuel 1-15
October 8-14: Read 1 Samuel 16-31
October 15-21: Read “An Introduction to Second Samuel” and 2 Samuel 1-10
October 22-31: Read 2 Samuel 11-24
"An Introduction to First Samuel"
First Samuel records the establishment of Israel’s monarchy, about 1085 BC. Samuel led Israel for many years in the combined roles of prophet, priest, and judge. After the people demanded a king like those of the other nations (ch. 8), God directed Samuel to anoint Saul as Israel’s first king. When Saul turned from God, David was anointed by Samuel to succeed him. After David killed the giant Goliath, he was brought to Saul’s court, eventually becoming the leader of Saul’s armies. Saul’s subsequent violent jealousy forced David to flee. The book closes with Saul’s death in battle, and looks forward to David’s reign. First Samuel’s author is unknown, but Samuel himself may have written portions of the book (1 Chronicles 29:29).
"An Introduction to Second Samuel"
Second Samuel recounts David’s reign as king of Israel (about 1010-970 BC). As promised to Abraham, during David’s reign Israel’s borders were extended roughly from Egypt to the Euphrates. While David had many successes, after his sin against Bathsheba and Uriah (ch. 11) both his kingdom and his own family fell into chaos. His son Absalom led a bloody rebellion against him. Nevertheless David, author of many of the Psalms, was a man after God’s own heart (Acts 13:22), a model of deep, heartfelt prayer and repentance. The Davidic covenant of chapter 7 establishes the eternal rule of David’s line, with its ultimate fulfillment in the coming of Jesus Christ. The author of 2 Samuel is unknown.